On 15 February 2018, it took place in Mexico City the "Regional Consultations on the Treaty on the Non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT): Towards the PrepCom 2018".
The regional consultations were organized by the Governments of Mexico and Poland and it had the objective to promote the debate among Latin American and Caribbean States towards the Second Preparatory Committee for the 2020 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, that will take place in Geneva, Switzerland, from April 23rd to May 4th, 2018 and will be chaired by Poland.
At the same time, the objective of the meeting was to create a platform for the Preparatory Committee Chair to collect ideas, regional perspectives, and undertake broad consultations in the lead-up to the 2018 NPT Preparatory Committee.
Ambassador Luiz Filipe de Macedo Soares, Secretary-General of OPANAL, participated as speaker in Panel II: "The NPT Review Cycle - The Regional Perspectives (NPT challenges and opportunities for the GRULAC region. What is the relation between the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons and the NPT? Experience from 50 years of Tlatelolco and the establishment of NWFZ - Priorities for GRULAC region for the success of the 2020 NPT Review Conference)". Read the remarks by the Secretary-General.
The 2018 Preparatory Committee, open to all States Party to the NPT, is responsible for addressing substantive and procedural issues related to the Treaty and the 2020 Review Conference. The Chair-designate of the second session is Ambassador Adam Bugajski of Poland.
The NPT entered into force in 1970 and was extended indefinitely in 1995. A total of 191 States have ratified the NPT. The Treaty is regarded as the cornerstone of the global nuclear non-proliferation regime and an essential foundation for the pursuit of nuclear disarmament. It was designed to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, to further the goals of nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament, and to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.